How California’s Redistricting Commission Considered Communities of Color

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Blair Reeves | Black Voice News

Every 10 years after the US Census, new maps of Congress, Legislature, Legislature, and State Equalization Commission districts are redrawn to reflect changes in population size. 14 members California Citizens Subdivision Commission, The Independent Committee was established in 2008 under the Voter First Act and is responsible for drawing the boundaries of the new district.

On December 20, the Commission unanimously approved the approval of the final map of California after months of deliberation, hearings and drafts. Prior to completing the map, the Commission adhered to certain criteria under Section XXI of the Constitution of California, which establishes the legal basis for drawing new districts.

Photograph of December 27, 2021 (Source: wedrawthelinesca.org) provided by the California Citizens’ Resection Commission to the Secretary of State of California in 2020.

In accordance with Section XXI, the Committee considered the following criteria when creating a new district: final presentation:

  • The district must comply with the US Constitution. Parliamentary districts must achieve population equality in the electoral section, and Senate, Parliamentary, and State Equalization Commission districts must be of “reasonably equal population” to other districts.
  • District must comply with federal government Voting Rights Act, Prohibit racial discrimination in voting.
  • The districts must be geographically connected.
  • The “geographical integrity” of the city, neighborhood, or community of interest must be respected in a way that “minimizes their division.” The Commission defines the community of interest as “an adjacent group that shares common social and economic interests that should be contained within a single district for the purpose of its effective and fair representation.” increase.
  • The district must be drawn to “promote geographical compactness” where areas near the population are connected.
  • Each state Senate district shall be “consisting of two fully adjacent parliamentary districts, and each leveling committee district shall be composed of ten fully adjacent Senate districts.”
Final map of the Senate district of California (Source: wedrawthelinesca.org)

The California Board of Equalization is the government agency responsible for implementing tax law, valuation, and collection. Government agencies have also heard local complaints from locals regarding property taxes. California has four Leveling Commission districts, each with an ideal population of 9,880,859.

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The impact on the first election of the new district will be experienced in the June 2022 primary. Next 10 years. California residents use these maps to elect members of the Leveling Commission, members of the state legislature, and members of the House of Representatives.

Impact of census

After the 2020 census, California was assigned 52 seats. This is one less than after the 2010 census was completed. The California State Legislature is made up of 80 districts, and the California State Legislature is made up of 40 districts.

The repartitioning process is long and complex, but the pandemic has added another level of difficulty. The Census Bureau was to provide state population data by 31 December 2020 and additional data for subdivision by 1 April 2021. California Institute of Public Policy.. However, the constituency change data was not released until September, so the committee had to notify the public about the constituency change, receive public comments, and submit the final map by December 27. ..

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The completion of the map was very important as the 2022 primary was rapidly approaching in June, as candidates must be submitted almost three months before the primary. Candidates who decide whether a campaign is practical need to know what the new district will look like.

Final California State Legislature District Map (Source: wedrawthelinesca.org)

During a December 28 briefing on California’s new subdivision map, District reorganization partnerExplained how changes in the state-wide population affected the way new maps were designed.

Mitchell said there were some demographic changes that influenced the drawing of the district in 2020, including an increase in Latin American and Asian populations, a diversification of black populations, and a decline in growth in the region, especially in Los Angeles. Said. According to Mitchell, the black population has increased, but it has become more dispersed and the density of the black population has declined in certain areas of the state as a whole.

Voting Rights Act

Part of the criteria for drawing a new map in California is that the Commission must comply with the provisions of the Voting Rights Act. This gives ethnic minorities an equal opportunity to elect their chosen representative. Specifically, subdivision plans cannot “discriminate on the basis of race, color, or membership of a minority group in a protected language.”

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Of the 176 districts created by the Constituency Change Commission, a total of 42 districts have addressed the obligations of the Voting Rights Act (Source: eji.org).

In the briefing, Russell Yee, Vice-Chairman of the California Citizens’ Resection Commission, said the Commission’s goal is to draw a map that reflects California, where “minorities and racial minorities are becoming more and more populous.” Said that. Yee explained that while race is taken into account when changing constituencies, it is not legally permitted to be a major consideration.

“We wanted our map to be tolerable. If we didn’t draw enough (voting rights law) districts, someone would challenge you in court, the map would be destroyed, and the problem would be. Not just one district that has become, but everything will be destroyed. “
In the final analysis, a total of 42 to address voting rights law obligations, including 19 parliamentary districts, 9 Senate districts, and 14 parliamentary districts out of the 176 districts for which the Commission was in charge of drawing. I pulled out the district.

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