A look at the most common types of cancer – Press Telegram


October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer, and early detection can dramatically increase the chances of survival. Today, we focus on the most common types of cancer in men and women.

In 2020, Estimated 1.8 million cases Cancer has been diagnosed in the United States, and more than 600,000 people have died of the disease. This was the second leading cause of death after COVID-19 after heart disease. In the United States, overall cancer mortality has declined since the early 1990s. The latest national cancer mortality report released in March 2020 by the National Cancer Center shows that the overall cancer mortality rate is 1.8% for men from 2001 to 2017 and from 2001 to 2017. It shows a 1.4% decrease annually in women. Mortality rates for many individual cancer types have also declined among children aged 0-14 years from 2013 to 2017, but have some cancer mortality rates changed? , And even more. The number of cancer survivors is increasing as the overall cancer mortality rate declines. These trends indicate progress in the disease, but much research remains. Smoking prevalence, the main cause of cancer, is declining, but other risk factors such as obesity are rising in the United States. In addition, the population of the United States is aging, and the incidence of cancer increases with age.

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Most common cancer

Approximately 1 in 8 (13%) of women are diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in their lifetime, and 1 in 39 (3%) die of breast cancer, the most common type of breast cancer guidelines of the American Cancer Society. I get cancer. Cancer screening:

  • Women should have the opportunity to begin annual screening between the ages of 40 and 44.
  • Women aged 45-54 should be screened annually.
  • Women over the age of 55 need the opportunity to move to biennial screening or continue screening annually.
  • Women should continue to screen for mammography as long as they are in good overall health and have a life expectancy of 10 years or more.

Breast cancer treatment patterns

Most women with early-stage breast cancer undergo certain types of surgery that are often combined with other treatments such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and / or targeted therapy to reduce the risk of recurrence. ..

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Mortality by type of cancer in men and women

In 2017, the US cancer incidence was the highest in the world at 5.42%.

5-year cancer survival rate in the United States

The average 5-year survival rate for common types of cancer in the United States has improved for most types of cancer since the 1970s. The black box shows the 5-year survival rate for the period 1970-77. The red dots are the survival rates from 2007 to 2013. This 5-year interval shows the percentage of people who have lived more than 5 years after diagnosis.

Survival is usually expressed as a percentage. For example, the overall 5-year survival rate for bladder cancer is 77.3%. This means that of all people with bladder cancer, 77.3 out of 100 are alive 5 years after diagnosis.

According to a 2000 study published in the Journal of American Medical Association, 5-year survival is a valid measure for comparing cancer treatments in randomized trials, but analysis shows that 5-year survival changes over time. It has little to do with changes in cancer mortality. .. Instead, they appear to be primarily related to changes in diagnostic patterns.

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NS Mayo Clinic Here are seven tips to help reduce your risk of cancer. Do not use cigarettes 2. Eat a healthy diet 3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active 4. Protect yourself from the sun 5. Get vaccinated (especially hepatitis B and HPV) 6. Avoid dangerous behavior 7. For more information on getting regular medical care Mayoclinic.org

Source: National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, OurWorldinData.org

A look at the most common types of cancer – Press Telegram Source link A look at the most common types of cancer – Press Telegram